Ask the Experts
A polyp is an abnormal mass of tissues present inside the mucous membrane. Those polyps can cause cancer and so they should be removed. This step of removing polyps from the colon is known as Polypectomy.
This procedure is non-invasive. Those polyps are asymptomatic and can be undetected till colonoscopy is performed.
The first colonoscopy is done to check the presence of polyps. Many tumors of colon start as a benign growth before it becomes malignant. When any polyps are detected then polypectomy is done and tissue is removed. Even examination is made to check if tissues are precancerous, cancerous, and benign. A polypectomy can help in relieving signs such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and irregularity in the bowel.
During a colonoscopy, polypectomy is also carried. Colonoscopy is done for those people whose age is more than 50 years and is done to check any possible growth. When polyps are observed at the time of colonoscopy then you must do polypectomy at the same time. A colonoscopy is a tube with a camera and is inserted inside the rectum. Depending on the type of your polyp, there are different ways of polypectomy. First polyps are biopsied and examined to determine the requirement of polypectomy.
Larger and sessile polyps: Those polyps up to 10 mm are removed through snare polypectomy. Those polyps above 10 mm have to be taken out by snare polypectomy. The usage of electrocautery has a risk in causing colonic perforation, in order to lessen this chance sterile fluid is injected under the base of the polyp to raise away from layers of the colon.
Larger and pedunculated polyps: Pedunculated polyps are removed through snare polypectomy. During identification, a snare is inserted over the polyp and around the stalk of the polyp. The loop is then tightened to grip the polyp stalk and is pulled away from the wall of the colon. With electric current through snare loop, it cuts the polyp stalk.
Before your doctor starts colonoscopy, he or she will recommend your intestine free from any kind of obstructions. You have to empty your bowel one or two days before the start of this procedure. Use of laxatives can help in bowel evacuation. Next step is anesthesia. This step is done quickly and mostly takes 20 minutes to one hour.
If some side effects happen post-surgery then talk to your doctor. Side effects such as heavy bleeding, fever, chills, vomiting, bloating in the abdomen, and irregular heartbeat.
Those have some possible risks such as infection, organ perforation, excessive bleeding, and incomplete removal.
Full recovery can take up to two week time. After polypectomy, one should never drive a vehicle for at least 24 hours. For two-three days after the procedure, you doctor may ask you to refrain from coffee, tea, alcohol, soda, and spicy foods. People who have signs of polyps like pain and bleeding should under this surgery.