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Jaundice is symptom of liver disease, which manifest as yellowish discoloration of urine and eyes, Diagnosis is confirmed by performing liver function test (blood test)

Causes of jaundice are
Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
  • Hemolysis
  • Gilbert syndrome

Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia‚Äď is due to the liver diseases which can either be liver inflammation or obstruction in biliary system of the liver

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hepatitis E
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Wilson Disease (Excessive copper in liver)
  • Hemochromatosis (Excessive iron in liver)
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Stone in common bile duct
  • Tumor of gall bladder, pancreas, and CBD causing CBD obstruction
  • Worm in CBD
  • Enlarged lymph nodes compressing CBD

Following tests are done to know the cause of jaundice

  • LFT
  • Viral markers
  • USG Abdomen
  • CECT Abdomen and MRCP
  • Treatment of jaundice depends upon the cause of jaundice and includes
  • Antiviral medication
  • Stopping alcohol
  • Steroids for autoimmune hepatitis
  • Copper and iron chelation for wilson disease and hemochromatosis respectively
  • ERCP to remove the CBD stone or stent placement to bypass biliary obstruction due to tumor